Melasma or Chloasma
This condition indicates a darker patch of skin and can occur for example in pregnant women. Melasma or Chloasma typically occurs on the face and mostly occurs in women although men may get it too. Typically it occurs in the cheeks, forehead, bridge of nose or on the chin although it may also appear on the neck and forearms. This condition doesn’t cause any symptoms or harm but you may be self conscious about it. Darker skin tones may be more prone to melasma. Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity are also associated with this condition as well as stress and sun exposure as the ultraviolet rays affect the cells that control pigment ( melanocytes). To treat melasma there are various options such as chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser treatment and topical creams. These procedures do not guarantee that melasma won’t come back and sometimes these treatments won’t eliminate the problem completely however good results may be obtained and there are things that you can do to minimise it returning such as wearing spf and minimising sun exposure.